The Periodic Table of Chemical Elements Underlies All of Our Modern Materials
Seminal work of Dmitri Mendeleev one hundred and fifty years ago revealed systematic interrelationships of all the chemical elements known and predicted at the time, and, remarkably, of those subsequently discovered.Those elements are the stuff of which everything and everyone we see is made. The phenomenal natural evolution of our world, including of life itself, assembles the necessary major and often crucial minor elemental ingredients required for Nature’s grand design. Mendeleev’s Periodic Table of the Chemical Elements and its legacy gave us the tools and understanding to invent and design well beyond what Nature has provided.
Whereas empirical uses of materials date to the Bronze and Iron Ages, our electronics, pharmaceuticals, and skyscrapers owe their existence to invention informed by knowledge of the properties of the elements and of the likely properties of myriad compounds and alloys that they form. Such research and invention continue apace in the laboratories of universities and companies with no end in sight. The community of materials researchers depends on, and fully participates in, this exciting progress. The International Union of Materials Research Societies (IUMRS) therefore enthusiastically endorses UNESCO’s declaration of 2019 as the “International Year of the Periodic Table of Chemical Elements (IYPT2019). See https://www.iypt2019.org.
According to IUMRS President Professor Y.F. HAN, “The thousands of researchers affiliated with our membership, who devote their careers to uncovering the next great innovation enabled by advanced materials, all rely on their early training which included Mendeleev’s Table and which emains invaluable in formulating the next new approach to solving problems and making new discoveries in the laboratory. It is therefore entirely appropriate for IUMRS to recognise this sesquicentennial anniversary on their behalf.”
IUMRS Head Office: Room 2112, No. 62 Zizhuyuan Road, Haidian, Beijing, China.
For more information about this topic, contact Dr. Fenfen Liang at +86 10 6872 2032, fax to 86-10-6872-2033, or email to firstname.lastname@example.org.
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(Established by B-MRS in honor of the pioneer of Brazilian Materials Research, it distinguishes the best oral and poster contributions of all symposia)
Felipe Leon Nascimento Sousa (UFPE, Brazil). Ecofriendly aqueous electrosynthesis of AgInS2–ZnS quantum dots with high optical efficiency. Symposium
Lucas Fabrício Bahia Nogueira (USP Ribeirão Preto, Brazil). Bioactive biopolymeric membranes reinforced with hydroxyapatite for tissue engineering application.
João Saccoman (UNESP – Bauru, Brazil). Analysis of the optical emission lines from the plasma during the deposition of TiO2 for sputtering.
Lukas Augusto de Lima Basilio (UFAM, Brazil). Hydrothermal synthesis of sodium titanate nanotubes for application in solid state electrolytes.
Filipe Rogerio de Souza Quirino (UFPE, Brazil). The temperature dependence of saturation magnetization for yttrium iron garnet doped with Zn, Ni and Co.
ACS Publications Prizes for students
(Sponsored by the journals ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, ACS Applied Energy Materials, ACS Applied Nano Materials, ACS Applied Bio Materials, Nano Letters, ACS Nano, Chemistry of Materials, JACS and ACS Energy Letters).
ACS Publications Best Oral Presentation Prize
João Batista Maia Rocha Neto (UNICAMP , Brazil). Chitosan/hyaluronan coatings tailored for tumor cell adhesion: influence of the topography and surface chemistry.
Daniel Alves Heinze (UFABC, Brazil). Influence of Nanoparticles on the Electrical and Mechanical Properties of SEBS Block Copolymers.
Samarah Vargas Harb (UNESP, Brazil). Self-healing PMMA-CeO2 coatings for anticorrosive protection of carbon steel.
ACS Publications Best Poster Prize
Fabrício Benedito Destro (UFSCAR, Brazil). Number of grain in polycrystalline hematite modified with Sn: Its influence on electrical properties.
Michele Duarte Tonet (UFSC, Brazil). Gold nanoparticles into a discotic liquid crystalline matrix.
Jean Felipe Oliveira da Silva (UFPE, Brazil). Magnetic configurations and switching processes in cobalt ferromagnetic hollow nanospheres.
Four members of B-MRS were part of the select group of about 30 young researchers from several countries who participated in two events held in the city of Strasbourg, France, along with 60 other participants. The main subject of both events was material innovation for a sustainable society and a global circular economy (i.e., based on reduction, reuse, recovery and recycling of materials and/or energy). The events were organized by several research societies in materials research, the International Union of Materials Research Societies (IUMRS) and other entities, with the support of UNESCO.
Post-doctoral fellows Eduardo Guilherme Cividini Neiva (currently full-time professor at FURB, after completing a post-doc at UFPR), Gisele Amaral-Labat (USP), Kassio Papi Silva Zanoni (IFSC-USP) and Sedeyeh Parinaz Akhlaghi (UNICAMP) were the young B-MRS members who participated in the events. The four postdocs were selected from 20 candidates in the context of the B-MRS Young Researcher Award. They have earned the right to attend the events (which are not open to the public), as well as travel costs. The award was made in partnership with the European Materials Research Society (E-MRS).
The first of the events was the “Forum for the Next Generation of Researchers 2017,” held on 18 and 19 November of this year at the headquarters of the European Youth Center. The forum brought together different generations of researchers around science and technology for a sustainable world. The event included lectures by senior scientists, poster presentations of young researchers and discussions among all participants. In addition, all young scientists participated in the preparation of a report that was presented at the end of the event.
Then, on the 20th and 21st, the “6th World Materials Summit” was held at the headquarters of the Council of Europe. The subject of innovation in sustainable materials and the circular economy was discussed through lectures by scientists from various countries and round tables.
According to Kassio Zanoni, the discussions of the two events showed an academic, political, social and environmental view about themes related to sustainability, as well as the perspectives of Materials research in this context. According to the B-MRS participants, some of the topics addressed were the conversion, storage and distribution of energy (solar, for example); production of more efficient and less polluting batteries; capture and reuse of carbon dioxide; materials recycling; and many other topics.
The president of SBPMat, Osvaldo Novais de Oliveira Jr, professor at IFSC-USP, represented SBMat in the international committee of the summit and gave a lecture in the forum about nanomaterials and their applications.
Read our interview with the B-MRS young members who attended the events.
B-MRS Newsletter: Briefly tell us about the work you presented in the “Forum for the New Generation of Researchers 2017”.
Eduardo Neiva: I presented a poster about my postdoctoral work, whose theme involved the application of graphene nanocomposites in the construction of energy storage devices.
Gisele Amaral-Labat: My panel discussion consisted of activities that are currently being developed in my postdoctoral fellowship. The work is based on the use of pulp and paper industry waste, crude black liquor, in the synthesis of porous carbon foams in the presence of nickel, for direct ethanol fuel cell applications. The synthesis form used generates a product with a greater amount of residues, besides the low cost when compared to the electrocatalysts used in the current market.
Kassio Zanoni: I presented a poster of the work I am developing in the postdocs, on ways and concepts for energy conversion and sustainability.
Parinaz Akhlaghi: I presented my postdoctoral work (referring to the years 2015-2017) at UNICAMP (Institute of Chemistry), still in progress, as well as part of the work developed during my doctorate (2010-2014) at the University of Waterloo (Dept. of Chemical Engineering) in the form of a poster titled “Preparation and Characterization of Novel Nanomaterials for Biomedical Applications.”
B-MRS Newsletter: How did your participation in these events contribute to your development?
Eduardo Neiva: Unlike other events, I had the opportunity to participate in discussions involving topics of global importance. My participation in this event will also result in future international and national partnerships, where in the event, I and the participant Gisele conceived projects to be developed in the near future.
Gisele Amaral-Labat: Undoubtedly, participating in these events was extremely important for my academic background, first due to the type of event, in which a common theme is discussed by two different communities, academic and business, enabling me to know different global views of the subject. Secondly, it created the possibility for collaboration with other research centers, including young and senior researchers, national and international. Furthermore, the event allowed getting to know the work of the other young Brazilian researchers, and a possible collaboration with Eduardo Guilherme Cividini Neiva is in progress. The objective is to synthesize sustainable carbon materials for application in the area of energy storage, taking advantage of the expertise of both of us.
Kassio Zanoni: The event provided the opportunity for meetings with several researchers, increasing our networks of collaborations. It was very interesting to hear the different views and this brought a great deal of professional growth. It really was very productive, perhaps the most productive meeting I’ve ever attended.
Parinaz Akhlaghi: I believe that my participation in these events was one of the most rewarding and most influential experiences in my career as a researcher and as a human being. I was affected in an extremely positive way by being in the presence of young researchers like myself, as well as experienced scientists, shaping my worldview (and my future), my ambitions and desires in the academic career. Being in the presence of scientists that I have admired for so long and being able to exchange ideas with them was very rewarding in several aspects. All the discussions were profound, passionate and motivating. It was certainly an experience shared by the other young scientists.
B-MRS Newsletter: What most attracted your attention in the events?
Eduardo Neiva: The direct and prolonged contact with renowned researchers.
Gisele Amaral-Labat: I was delighted with how receptive the senior researchers were with the young researchers. Moreover, the event showed a relevant multidisciplinarity of the professionals and the works presented.
Kassio Zanoni: The different views on the same theme, which vary widely between different countries.
Parinaz Akhlaghi: What at first could have been a barrier, soon proved to be extremely pleasurable. Despite the age difference between the main scientists (some older than 70) and the young researchers (some 25 years old), the exchange of information flowed naturally. On both sides there was passion when talking about science (as a whole), as well as new paths and alternatives for a more hopeful and better future.
Professor Rodrigo Fernando Bianchi (Brazilian Federal University of Ouro Preto, UFOP), scientific director of B-MRS, represented the society at the General Assembly of IUMRS (International Union of Materials Research Societies), held on August 27, 2017 in Kyoto, Japan, during the IUMRS-ICAM 2017 (fifteenth edition of the International Conference on Advanced Materials).
B-MRS is one of fourteen materials research societies in the world that currently make up IUMRS. The other societies are from Africa, Australia, China, Singapore, Korea, Europe, India, Indonesia, Japan, Mexico, Russia, Thailand and Taiwan.
According to Bianchi, the meeting made clear the interest of several associations to collaborate with Brazil.
In addition to representing SBPMat at the meeting, Professor Bianchi presented, at the IUMRS-ICAM 2017, his research group’s work focused on developing printed radiation sensors. The event attracted about 1,900 participants from dozens of countries.What most attracted the attention of B-MRS scientific director were presentations on the application of materials science and characterization techniques in the conservation of cultural resources (paintings , monuments and etc.). “That is, the cultural valuation within the area of materials – very important for the conservation of artistic, historical and cultural heritage of a country, and which is present in Kyoto, cultural capital of Japan. Brazil could follow the same trend!” said Bianchi.
At the event, Professor Ado Jorio (UFMG), also a member of the Brazilian materials community, delivered a plenary lecture on inelastic light scattering in carbon nanostructures.
MRS-Japan is honored to announce that it hosts IUMRS-ICAM 2017 at Kyoto, Japan during August 27 to September 1, 2017. Its website is www.iumrs-icam2017.org. The abstract submission is open.
Kyoto is ancient capital of Japan and has many temples and other places to visit. All of you are welcome to Kyoto. We have many attractive talks from Nobel laureates and leading scientists. They are listed below. We also have “Young Scientist Awards contest” during this conference. Please visit our website for more information and submit abstract hopefully before February 28, 2017.
List of Nobel laureates and plenary lecturers (in alphabetical order)
Professor Hiroshi Amano (Japan). He received Nobel Prize in Physics 2014 for his work on the invention of efficient blue light-emitting diodes which has enabled bright and energy-saving white light sources.
Professor Elvira Fortunato (Portuguese Republic). She pioneers European research on new transparent electronics, namely thin-film transistors based on oxide semiconductors, demonstrating that oxide materials can be used as true semiconductors.
Professor Axel Hoffmann (USA). He is outstanding scientist in the field of magnetism related subjects, including basic properties of magnetic heterostructures, spin-transport in novel geometries, and biomedical applications of magnetism.
Professor Andrew Holems (Australia). He is the president of Australia Academy of Science and is the best of the best in all Australian scientists. He has made extensive contributions in the area of light emitting and photovoltaic devices.
Professor Ado Jorio (Brazil). He is one of the scientists who received SOMIYA Award in 2009. Also, he is the authority in the field of Optical spectroscopy which provides information on the matter at the molecular level, with unlimited range of applications.
Professor George Malliaras (France). He made distinguished achievements in the field of Bioelectronics which deals with the coupling of the worlds of electronics and biology.
Professor Chintamani Nagesa Ramachandra Rao (C.N.R. Rao, India). He is head of the Scientific Advisory Council to the Prime Minister of India. On 16 November 2013, the Government of India announced his selection for Bharat Ratna which is the highest civilian award in India.
Professor Akira Suzuki (Japan). He received Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2010 for his work on cross couplings between carbon atoms, with the metal palladium as a catalyst.
Professor Eiji Yashima (Japan). He is a leading scientist in the field of design and synthesis of helical molecules, supramolecules, and polymers with novel structures and functions.
SBPMat (B-MRS), represented by its president Osvaldo Novais de Oliveira Junior, attended two events held in China in October, organized by Asian materials research societies and also by the European society for materials research. The events were the 5th World Materials Summit on Advanced Materials for Sustainable Society Development and the IUMRS International Conference in Asia. The president of SBPMat was invited by the China Materials Research Society (C-MRS) and the International Union of Materials Research Societies (IUMRS). In addition to attending both events, Osvaldo Novais de Oliveira Junior was part of the international advisory committee at the first event, and Professor Roberto Mendonça Faria, former SBPMat president and second vice president of IUMRS, participated in the international advisory committees of both events.
“The Materials research societies in Asia have made great efforts to integrate with each other and with societies from other parts of the world,” states Prof. Novais de Oliveira Junior, highlighting the work of MRS from China, Japan, South Korea and Singapore. “For several years there has been a close relationship between SBPMat and these societies, which will be represented at our next meeting in Gramado from September 10 to 14, 2017”, he added.
The summit, held in Rizhao, Shandong Province, from October 18 to 20, was organized by the materials research societies of China (C-MRS), Europe (E-MRS), Korea (MRS-K) and Japan (MRS-J), and also by the Rizhao Science and Technology Association. It is an annual event where scientists, politicians and entrepreneurs are invited by the organization. They come together to present and discuss the subject of advanced materials for the development of a sustainable society, focusing on specific themes in each edition. In 2016, the themes chosen were renewable energies, mainly for motor vehicles, construction materials focusing on sustainability and materials for oceanographic engineering.
According to Professor Novais de Oliveira Junior, the most relevant conclusions of the event regarded the need for international collaborative actions, highlighting the distinctive quality of Materials Science and Engineering to solve crucial problems facing humanity, thanks to the integrated, multifaceted approach and the synergy between experiment, theory and computational simulation this discipline is able to offer. Specifically on the themes of the fifth edition of the event, the president of SBPMat stressed the importance of developing more durable, higher capacity and safer batteries, and the need for sea and building materials research investigations. “As a matter of fact, data regarding maintenance costs of large civil works, such as bridges, viaducts and roads, were presented in the summit, which indicate a great demand for advanced materials, not only to reduce costs, but also to guarantee sustainability,” declared the president of SBPMat. He also mentioned the excellent presentations by European experts in regard to the forms of renewable energy sources that can be extracted from the sea. According to the professor, a document with the main conclusions of the event is being prepared by the participants.
The second event, October 20 to 24, was held in Qingdao also in Shandong province, about 150 km from Rizhao, organized by C-MRS and the Taiwan Materials Research Society (MRS-T). This even consisted of 4 plenary lectures and 27 symposiums on materials for energy and the environment, advanced structural and functional materials, biological materials, and simulation, modeling and characterization of materials.