Featured article: Catalysts for the sustainable production of hydrogen peroxide.


This schematic figure shows an electrochemical hydrogen peroxide generator and, in detail, the catalyst developed by the Brazilian team.
This schematic figure shows an electrochemical hydrogen peroxide generator and, in detail, the catalyst developed by the Brazilian team.

Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is a compound widely used, especially as a bleach or antiseptic in the production of pulp and paper, in cleaning, pharmacy and beauty products and in the treatment of wastewater, among other applications. With a large and growing market, the production of hydrogen peroxide has the challenge of becoming more sustainable, using methods that are environmentally friendly and allow the compound to be obtained in the same place where it will be used, reducing risks, costs and the environmental impact of transport. In this scenario, producing hydrogen peroxide in electrochemical generators using basically water, air and electricity is a promising path, which some companies are already treading. However, the success of this process largely depends on having efficient, stable and low-cost catalysts.

In a recently published scientific article, a team made up of researchers from the Brazilian Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul (UFMS), Federal University of Grande Dourados (UFGD), and the São Carlos Institute of Chemistry (IQSC-USP) made a contribution in this regard. They developed catalysts based on graphene nanoribbons and metallic nanoparticles and studied in detail their performance in the electrochemical production of hydrogen peroxide. In addition to showing that these catalysts significantly improve reaction efficiency, equating to the best conventional catalysts in some aspects, the study advanced the understanding of fundamental phenomena that open possibilities to continue optimizing the electrocatalytic production of hydrogen peroxide.

Transmission electron microscopy images of the catalyst material. It is possible to observe the nanoparticles (in this case, palladium oxide and molybdenum) anchored in the graphene nanoribbons.
Transmission electron microscopy images of the catalyst material. It is possible to observe the nanoparticles (in this case, palladium oxide and molybdenum) anchored on the graphene nanoribbons.

“We proposed the synthesis of catalysts with a low content of noble metal (≤6.4% by mass), with high catalytic efficiency and high durability for the electrochemical production of H2O2”, says Professor Gilberto Maia (UFMS), co-author of the article. Indeed, noble metals such as gold and palladium are known for their catalytic properties but have the disadvantage of cost. “Our catalysts were built from oxides of molybdenum, gold and palladium, which together form nanoparticles anchored on the surface of graphene nanoribbons”, describes Maia.

The team tested the efficiency of the catalysts in terms of generating hydrogen peroxide through the two-electron oxygen reduction reaction (ORR-2e– ), in which one molecule of oxygen, two hydrogen cations and two electrons form one molecule of hydrogen peroxide. Mainly, the researchers tested, with very positive results, the activity of the catalyst (its ability to increase the rate of reaction), its selectivity (its ability to direct the reaction towards a certain product, in this case, hydrogen peroxide) and its stability (the ability to maintain its properties over time).

“The results we obtained showed that the improved catalytic activity for ORR-2e–  was promoted by a combination of factors including geometry, palladium content, interparticle distance and active site blocking effects, while the electrochemical stability of the catalysts may have been enhanced by the presence of molybdenum”, says Professor Maia.

The work was developed within a collaboration between researchers from the Institute of Chemistry at UFMS and the Environmental Electrochemistry Research Group at IQSC-USP, who have been working together on the synthesis, characterization and application of electrocatalytic materials. According to the authors, the main idea and the first combinations of synthesis emerged as an offshoot of the doctoral thesis by Guilherme Fortunato, which was supervised by Professor Gilberto Maia and was defended in UFMS in 2019. The work continued and finalized within the postdoctoral research of Fortunato, carried out at IQSC under the supervision of Professor Marcos Lanza.

The research was funded by Brazilian federal and state agencies Capes, CNPq, FAPESP and FUNDECT-MS.

Some of the authors of the article. From left: Guilherme V. Fortunato, Leticia B. Siqueira, Eduardo S. F. Cardoso, Marcos R. V. Lanza and Gilberto Maia.
Some of the authors of the article. From left: Guilherme V. Fortunato, Leticia B. Siqueira, Eduardo S. F. Cardoso, Marcos R. V. Lanza and Gilberto Maia.

Paper reference: Using Palladium and Gold Palladium Nanoparticles Decorated with Molybdenum Oxide for Versatile Hydrogen Peroxide Electroproduction on Graphene Nanoribbons. Guilherme V. Fortunato, Leticia S. Bezerra, Eduardo S. F. Cardoso, Matheus S. Kronka, Alexsandro J. Santos, Anderson S. Greco, Jorge L. R. Júnior, Marcos R. V. Lanza, and Gilberto Maia. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2022 14 (5), 6777-6793. DOI: 10.1021/acsami.1c22362.

Corresponding authors contact: g.fortunato@usp.br and gilberto.maia@ufms.br.

Featured article: Earth and bamboo for more sustainable mortars.


Aplicação da argamassa de terra e bambu.
Application of earth and bamboo mortar.

Like other sectors of the economy, civil construction faces an important challenge: to progressively reduce greenhouse gas emissions and become increasingly sustainable. In this sense, there are efforts in the scientific community to develop construction materials that have a positive environmental impact at all stages of the building process, starting with the extraction of raw materials, going through the use of the buildings and reaching the recycling of waste at the end of the life cycle of the product. To this end, one of the strategies being explored is the incorporation of natural raw materials, such as raw earth and biomass, into construction materials.

In an article recently published in the journal Construction and Building Materials, a Brazilian scientific team reports the development and study of mortars based on raw earth and plant biomass residues (bamboo particles) with potential for use as internal wall plaster. In addition to analyzing the properties of these mortars, the authors evaluated their environmental impact, mainly in relation to the carbon dioxide emissions involved in their preparation, use and disposal.

“The main contribution of this work is to show the feasibility of producing mortars based on locally available natural resources (raw earth and plant biomass – bamboo) in the construction of a portfolio of low carbon and low energy consumption constructive solutions”, says Romildo Dias Toledo Filho, professor of the Civil Engineering Program at Coppe, the postgraduation and research institute in Engineering at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), who led the work.

To produce the mortars, the scientific team used raw earth, bamboo particles, hydrated lime, Portland cement and natural sand, among other ingredients. Bamboo particles were obtained from waste from the furniture sector in the state of Rio de Janeiro and processed to obtain fibers of a few hundred micrometers in diameter and up to 2 cm in length.

Four types of mortar were produced: one without bamboo and the others with different proportions of particles (3, 6 and 9% of the total volume). In addition to studying its physical, mechanical and thermal properties, the authors quantified the greenhouse gas emissions involved in the mortar’s life cycle. Using well-established methodologies, the researchers evaluated the developed earth mortars and compared them with conventional mortars. The study considered the entire life cycle of the material.

The research showed good results for earth and bamboo mortars and explained the weight of each factor in the carbon emissions involved in the process, pointing out ways to reduce them even more. Earth mortars, especially those with a higher proportion of bamboo, presented lower emissions than conventional mortars due to the carbon stock of bamboo. In fact, vegetal biomass extract carbon dioxide from the atmosphere through photosynthesis and use it to grow. When this biomass is incorporated into a mortar, the carbon remains stored and its emission is avoided. This environmental gain is enhanced when residues from biomass processing are used as a source of raw material, as occurred in this work.

In addition, density, thermal conductivity and resistance tests showed that earth mortars with bamboo, especially the one containing 6% biomass, can perform very well as plaster for internal walls of buildings, as they have adequate adhesion and resistance, and improve the energy efficiency of the environments. “Earth mortars that incorporate plant biomass present the peculiarity of open porosity, and this characteristic gives them the potential to act as a coating and passive material for hygrothermal regulation of the internal microclimate of the environments, making them more salubrious, providing better conditions of health to the occupants and reducing energy consumption for artificial air conditioning”, explains Professor Romildo.

The work was developed within the PhD in Civil Engineering of Rayane de Lima Moura Paiva, with funding from CNPq and FAPERJ and guidance from Professor Romildo and Professor Lucas Rosse Caldas. The study is part of a research line on earth and biomass mortars that is underway at Coppe’s Sustainable Materials Center in partnership with a group from ETH Zürich (Switzerland).

The authors of the article: Rayane de Lima Moura Paiva, Lucas Rossi Caldas, Adriana Paiva de Souza Martins and Romildo Dias Toledo Filho.
The authors of the article: Rayane de Lima Moura Paiva, Lucas Rossi Caldas, Adriana Paiva de Souza Martins and Romildo Dias Toledo Filho.

Scientific article reference: Potentiality of earth-based mortar containing bamboo particles for GHG emissions reduction. Rayane de Lima Moura Paiva, Lucas Rosse Caldas, Adriana Paiva de Souza Martins, Romildo Dias Toledo Filho. Construction and Building Materials. Volume 317, 24 January 2022, 125971. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2021.125971

Author contact: Prof. Romildo Dias Toledo Filho – toledo@coc.ufrj.br

B-MRS members are speakers at the opening of the International Year of Glass (UN).


zanotto e andreaTwo B-MRS members are part of the group of 30 speakers from different countries and sectors (industry, academia, media, museums, art) who will speak at the Opening Ceremony of the International Year of Glass (2022), established by the United Nations (UN).

Professor Edgar Zanotto (UFSCar), founding member of B-MRS, will give a lecture on glass education. Professor Andrea S. S. de Camargo (IFSC-USP), current Scientific Director of the Society,  will speak about glass science in Brazil.

The free event will take place on February 10 and 11 at the Palace of Nations (Geneva, Switzerland) and will be broadcast live at this link https://media.un.org/en/webtv/.

More information about the event: https://iyog2022oc.org/

End of Year message.


In the year 2021, the pandemic continued to dominate our lives, but the vaccines that science provided us in record time are playing their part. Little by little, we are leaving our virtual life, resuming face-to-face activities to incorporate this new reality.

Unfortunately, our event this year still had to be virtual. Despite that, it was possible to feel the presence of each one of you on the screen!! With each work presented, with each question asked by a student, we felt reassured that science is still well represented in our country! This gives us hope for the future – much-needed hope in the face of the enormous challenges that lie ahead.

Carl Sagan said that we have to know the past to understand the present. And past and present show us that education and science are the main basis for a future with decent living conditions and social well-being. We hope that in 2022 we will continue to fight together for these values, resisting the denialism that still tries to remain present in our society. And that we can finally share our experiences – and our science – in Foz de Iguaçu!

We wish you an excellent end of the year to all, observing all the necessary sanitary care.😊

B-MRS Executive Board

Featured paper: Optimizing nanotubes for green hydrogen production.


Hydrogen generation in a photoelectrochemical cell with the photoanode developed by the Pernambuco team.
Hydrogen generation in a photoelectrochemical cell with the photoanode developed by the Pernambuco team.

A work carried out in institutions from the state of Pernambuco (Brazil) contributes to the development of nanomaterials with the potential to overcome an important energy challenge: the generation of hydrogen through sustainable processes. In fact, the hydrogen molecule is considered a clean fuel because its use, or “burning”, does not emit greenhouse gases. However, the production of this molecule is responsible for emitting hundreds of tons of carbon dioxide per year.

Fortunately, more sustainable ways to produce molecular hydrogen are being explored by scientists around the world. The “greenest” of all are the photoelectrochemical processes, which consist of breaking down the water molecule (H2O) using electricity from photovoltaic conversion (the transformation of photons into electrons). These processes are carried out in photoelectrochemical cells – simple and low-cost systems basically composed of a photoanode, where sunlight is absorbed, thus generating a current of electrons, and a cathode, on whose surface the hydrogen detaches from the water molecule by the action of the electricity generated in the photoanode. In this context, it is essential to develop materials for the photoanode that are efficient and durable, and which can be produced using low-cost and environmentally friendly processes.

In an article recently published in the Journal of Power Sources (impact factor 9.1270), scientists from the Center for Strategic Technologies of the Northeast (CETENE) and the Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE) report a simple and clean method to produce nanocomposites capable of generating an electrical current from sunlight. The work also presents good results in the application of the material as a photoanode for hydrogen production.

Challenge: increase photoanode sensitivity

Titanium dioxide (TiO2) is the most used material in photoanodes. Unlike other semiconductors, it is non-toxic and does not degrade easily in contact with light and water. However, this material has a limitation that affects its efficiency: it can only absorb ultraviolet light, not taking advantage of other radiations present in sunlight. For this reason, scientific efforts have been made to expand the sensitivity of TiO2. This was exactly the objective of the CETENE and UFPE team at the beginning of the collaborative work. The strategy they adopted was to integrate semiconductor nanocrystals (quantum dots) to TiO2 nanotubes and, in this way, obtain a material that is more sensitive to sunlight thanks to the synergistic action of both semiconductors.

The researchers started by sensitizing the nanotubes with bismuth sulfide (Bi2S3) nanocrystals, says Denilson V. Freitas, who now works as a researcher at CETENE and has participated in this research line since the beginning, when he was doing his doctorate in Chemistry at UFPE. In the experiments, the scientists noticed that the method of preparing the nanocomposite significantly impacted its photoelectrochemical performance, and reported these results in an article published in 2018 in ACS Applied Energy Materials (impact factor 6.024). “We found that the best photoelectrochemical results were for the linker-assisted method when compared to the hydrothermal method,” says Denilson. Thus, the first method was chosen. In

linker-assisted sensitization, TiO2 nanotubes, supported on titanium sheets, are submerged in a solution containing the chosen nanocrystals. Both materials interact and, at the end of the process, the quantum dots are adsorbed on the surface of the nanotubes.

The second phase of the research was carried out within the Master’s Degree project in Materials Science by Danilo A.P. Velásquez, carried out at UFPE. This time, the scientific team used silver, indium and selenium nanocrystals (AgIn5Se8) with the main objective of determining what would be the optimal submersion time of the nanotubes in the solution, as the researchers had noticed that high concentrations of nanocrystals on the surface of the nanotubes affected in a negative way the performance of the nanocomposite. For this, they performed a series of experiments varying the submersion time between 1 hour and 48 hours.

Titanium dioxide nanotubes without quantum dots (left), sensitized with quantum dots for 2 hours (center) and for 72 hours (right).
Titanium dioxide nanotubes without quantum dots (left), sensitized with quantum dots for 2 hours (center) and for 72 hours (right).

In addition to observing through electron microscopy techniques the concentration of nanocrystals obtained in each case, the researchers checked the performance of each sample. The results showed that the photoletrochemical performance of nanotubes improved with increasing sensitization time up to 24 hours of immersion, when the obtained nanocomposite generated a photocurrent 2.4 times greater than that of pure nanotubes. Furthermore, the optimized nanotubes also improved their performance in hydrogen production, which was 3.1 times greater than that of the material without quantum dots. The experiments also demonstrated that, after 24 hours of immersion, the concentration of nanocrystals became excessive and impaired the functionality of the nanocomposite. “The work showed that the temporal optimization of the sensitization of nanotubes is an important step in the production of more efficient systems,” summarizes Denilson.

The research was carried out by researchers and students linked to postgraduate programs in Chemistry and Materials Science at UFPE, coordinated by professor Marcelo Navarro, and to CETENE, led by researcher and director of the center Giovanna Machado. The acquisition of images of nanotubes sensitized by high resolution transmission electron microscopy were performed at SENAI-MG. The works were funded by Brazilian research funding agencies CNPq, FACEPE, CAPES and Finep.

Os autores do paper. A partir da esquerda: Danilo A. P. Velásquez, Felipe L. N. Sousa, Thiago A. S. Soares, Anderson J. Caires, Denilson V. Freitas, Marcelo Navarro e Giovanna Machado.
The authors of the paper. From the left: Danilo A. P. Velásquez, Felipe L. N. Sousa, Thiago A. S. Soares, Anderson J. Caires, Denilson V. Freitas, Marcelo Navarro e Giovanna Machado.

 


Scientific article reference: Boosting the performance of TiO2 nanotubes with ecofriendly AgIn5Se8 quantum dots for photoelectrochemical hydrogen generation. Danilo A. P.Velásquez, Felipe L. N.Sousa, Thiago A. S. Soares, Anderson J. Caires, Denilson V. Freitas, Marcelo Navarro, Giovanna Machado. Journal of Power Sources. Volume 506, 15 September 2021, 230165. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2021.230165.

Contact of the corresponding author: Giovanna Machado – giovanna.machado@cetene.gov.br.


 

XIX B-MRS Meeting + IUMRS ICEM: Students Awards and Prizes.


Bernhard Gross Award

(Established by B-MRS in honor of Bernhard Gross, a pioneer of Brazilian materials research. It distinguishes the best oral and poster contributions presented by students in each symposium)

Symposium A – Poster. Ezequiel Lorenzett. Natural latex and graphite nanocomposites for low-cost flexoelectric sensor and energy harvesting devices.

Symposium A – Oral. Lucas Leão Nascimento. Development of Bi2WO6 photoanodes for selective glycerol photoelectroconversion to formic acid.

Symposium D – Poster. Raul Back Campanelli. Superconductivity in Bulk Silicon Crystals.

Symposium D – Oral. Davi Araujo Dalbuquerque Chaves. Influence of heat treatments on microstructural and superconducting properties of YBCO nanowires prepared by Solution Blow Spinning.

Symposium E – Poster. Leonardo Henrique Comini Francisco. Near-infrared emitting Cr3+-doped mixed oxide luminescent materials for optical imaging.

Symposium E – Oral. Antonio Valerio Longo. ZnS:Mn QD-based electroemissive layer for QD-ACTFEL light display.

Symposium F – Poster. Ruan Lucas Sousa Lima. Development of the Stokes spectropolarimetry to investigate emission of conjugated molecules.

Symposium F – Oral. Lucas Scalon. Assessing the donor-acceptor nature and the electrochemical stability of a fluorene-diketopyrrolopyrrole-thiophene based copolymer.

Symposium G – Poster. Victor Buratto Tinti. Giant electrostriction in ceria and the effects of alkaline earth dopants.

Symposium G – Oral. Camila Alves Ribeiro. Cold sintering towards the sustainable manufacturing of barium strontium titanate ceramics.

Symposium H – Oral. Sthefany Zaida Silva do Amparo. Microwave-assisted synthesis of reinforced polyacrylamide preformed particle gels for enhanced oil recovery.

Symposium I – Poster. Camila Raiane Ferreira. PMMA/Fe-Laponite nanocomposites thermal stability: experimental evidence of the diffusion barrier and radical trapping effect.

Symposium I – Oral. Marylyn Setsuko Arai. Development of “turn-on” luminescent sensors based on upconversion nanoparticles.

Symposium K – Oral. Nataly Herrera Reinoza. Atomically precise bottom-up synthesis of h-BNC: graphene doped with h-BN nanoclusters.

Symposium L – Oral. Julia Delatorre Bronzato. Virus Inactivation and Degradation of an Emergent Pollutant by Chiromagnetic Cobalt Oxide Quantum Dots.

Symposium M – Oral. Rapahel F. Moral. Influence of the Vibrational Modes from the Organic Moieties in 2D Lead Halides on Excitonic Recombination and Phase Transition.

Symposium N – Poster. Guilherme B. Strapasson. Microwave assisted green synthesis of silver nanoparticles and its application in photocatalytic hydrogen generation.

Symposium N – Oral. Mariana Monteiro de Lima Forini. Development of lipid nanocarriers labeled with gold nanoparticles and their fate in aquatic plants.

Symposium O – Poster. Bruno Ferrari. Microstructure of Inconel 718 parts produced by casting and additive manufacturing: a comparison.

Symposium O – Oral. Eloisa Pereira Cardozo. Impact of multiple thermal cycles on Nb-Si multilayers.

Symposium P – Poster. Pedro Henrique Fernandes Oliveira. In-situ synchrotron X-ray evaluation on the evolution of dislocation and stacking-fault densities for a Cu-0.7Cr-0.07Zr alloy during cryogenic tensile test.

Symposium P – Oral. Daniel da Silva Costa. In situ study of the formation of NiSi2 nanoplates embedded in a Si(001) wafer.

Symposium Q – Poster. Jailton Romão Viana. A DFT study of the coordination complex of Cu(II) with L-threonine ligand.

Symposium Q – Oral. Julia Aznar. Twist-to-writhe conversion in diamond nanowires: a computational study.

Symposium R – Poster. Giovana Collombaro Cardoso. Development and Microstructural Analysis of novel As-Cast Ti-Mo-Nb Alloys for Biomedical Applications.

Symposium R – Oral. Igor Lebedenco Kitagawa. Titanium-Based Alloy Surface Modification with TiO2 and Poly(Sodium 4-Styrenesulfonate) Multilayers for Dental Implant.

Symposium T – Poster. Lais Pereira Buranello. Characterization of the corona protein formation inthree different manganese ferrite nanoparticles coatings in vitro and its impacts on the circulation time evaluated by AC Biosusceptometry in vivo.

Symposium T – Oral. André Luís Lira. Effects of ultrasmall nanoparticles on blood clotting enzymes.

Symposium U – Poster. Gabriel Yuji Hata. Biosilica from diatom microalgae: structural, morphological and photoelectrochemical characterization.

Symposium U – Oral. Oceane Senepart. Axonal growth stimulated by surface modification using physical and chemical processes.

Symposium UC – Oral. Rafael Taveira Andrade. Development and fabrication of non-disposable Personal Protective Equipment and a decontamination device based on UV-C radiation by Additive Manufacturing.

Symposium V – Poster. Anna Fortunato. Synthesis of metal-triggered hydrogels and their applications in water treatment and food spoilage detection.

Symposium V – Oral. Roger Borges. Colloidal hydrogel-based drug delivery systems overcome the limitation of combining bisphosphonates with bioactive glasses in bone cancer treatment.

Symposium X – Poster. Fabio Caixeta Nunes. Effect of strontium ions on the formation of calcium phosphates on the surface of Al2O3/ZrO2 nanocomposite.

Symposium X – Oral. Marcos Antonio Eufrásio Cruz. The role played by matrix vesicles during bone biomineralization: a materials science vision.

ACS Publications Prizes

(Sponsored by journals of ACS Publications, a division of the American Chemical Society. Prizes for the best student contributions of all the event)

ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces family Prize: Symposium A – Poster. Ezequiel Lorenzett. Natural latex and graphite nanocomposites for low-cost flexoelectric sensor and energy harvesting devices.

Accounts of Materials Research Prize: Symposium F – Poster. Ruan Lucas Sousa Lima. Development of the Stokes spectropolarimetry to investigate emission of conjugated molecules.

ACS Omega, ACS Central Science and JACS Au Prize: Symposium O – Poster. Bruno Ferrari. Microstructure of Inconel 718 parts produced by casting and additive manufacturing: a comparison.

Chemistry of Materials and ACS Materials Letters Prize: Symposium R – Poster. Giovana Collombaro Cardoso. Development and Microstructural Analysis of novel As-Cast Ti-Mo-Nb Alloys for Biomedical Applications.

Langmuir Prize: Symposium T – Poster. Lais Pereira Buranello. Characterization of the corona protein formation inthree different manganese ferrite nanoparticles coatings in vitro and its impacts on the circulation time evaluated by AC Biosusceptometry in vivo

ACS Energy Letters and Energy & Fuels Prize: Symposium A – Oral. Lucas Leão Nascimento. Development of Bi2WO6 photoanodes for selective glycerol photoelectroconversion to formic acid.

ACS Materials Au and ACS Nanoscience Au Prize: Symposium F – Oral. Lucas Scalon. Assessing the donor-acceptor nature and the electrochemical stability of a fluorene-diketopyrrolopyrrole-thiophene based copolymer.

ACS Photonics Prize: Symposium N – Oral. Mariana Monteiro de Lima Forini. Development of lipid nanocarriers labeled with gold nanoparticles and their fate in aquatic plants.

ACS Nano and Nano Letters Prize: Symposium O – Oral. Eloisa Pereira Cardozo. Impact of multiple thermal cycles on Nb-Si multilayers.

JACS Prize: Symposium P – Oral. Daniel da Silva Costa. In situ study of the formation of NiSi2 nanoplates embedded in a Si(001) wafer.

RSC Prizes 

(Sponsored by journals of the Royal Society of Chemistry. Prizes for the best student contributions of all the event)

Symposium D – Poster. Raul Back Campanelli. Superconductivity in Bulk Silicon Crystals.

Symposium P – Poster. Pedro Henrique Fernandes Oliveira. In-situ synchrotron X-ray evaluation on the evolution of dislocation and stacking-fault densities for a Cu-0.7Cr-0.07Zr alloy during cryogenic tensile test.

Symposium V – Poster. Anna Fortunato. Synthesis of metal-triggered hydrogels and their applications in water treatment and food spoilage detection.

Symposium D – Oral. Davi Araujo Dalbuquerque Chaves. Influence of heat treatments on microstructural and superconducting properties of YBCO nanowires prepared by Solution Blow Spinning.

Symposium R – Oral. Igor Lebedenco Kitagawa. Titanium-Based Alloy Surface Modification with TiO2 and Poly(Sodium 4-Styrenesulfonate) Multilayers for Dental Implant.

Symposium T – Oral. André Luís Lira. Effects of ultrasmall nanoparticles on blood clotting enzymes.

B-MRS Newsletter. Year 8, issue 6.


 

B-MRS Newsletter. Year 8, issue 5.

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Newsletter of the
Brazilian Materials
Research Society

Year 8, issue 6. July 7, 2021.

20 years of the Brazilian Materials Research Society

On June 26, 2001, B-MRS was created by a group of physicists, chemists and engineers who pursued the interaction among knowledge areas; among basic, applied and technological research; between national and international community. It was in this spirit that the B-MRS and its annual meetings were born. Know more about the creation of B-MRS, here.

Featured paper

A group from UNESP and collaborators from Portugal developed a coating capable of providing corrosion protection to alloys used in aerospace applications. Consisting of a biobased polymer and zinc microparticles, the coating recovers spontaneously after being scratched. The article was published in Chemical Engineering Journal. Know more.

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Papers suggested by the community

Lithium disilicate glass produced at high pressure: Characterization of structural, thermal and mechanical properties. Leonardo Resende, Naira M. Balzaretti, Altair S. Pereira, Marcos A. Z. Vasconcellos, Silvio Buchner. Journal of the American Ceramic Society. https://doi.org/10.1111/jace.1770

Using high pressure, researchers from UFRGS and UFR propose an alternative route for the production of high-density vitreous systems.

Would you like to suggest for dissemination articles of your authorship, of high impact and made in Brazil? Send the reference and a sentence about the paper to comunicacao@sbpmat.org.br.

News from B-MRS members

At the invitation of Materials Horizons, Prof Aldo Zarbin (UFPR) wrote a review article on the liquid/liquid interfacial route – a simple and low-cost technique developed in his research group that allows to synthesize, process and modify thin films of all materials. The researcher spoke about the possibilities of this technique “made in Brazil” and the history of its development. See the interview.

socio_news

Prof Mônica Cotta (UNICAMP), president of B-MRS, was named committee member for the VinFuture Prize, an international award dedicated to research and innovations with major impact on the quality of human life and sustainable development. Know more.

monica_news

XIX B-MRS Meeting + IUMRS ICEM 2021 (virtual)

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– Program. The event’s general program is already on the website! Go to program.

– Guidelines for presenters. Instructions for oral and poster presentations, as well as general guidelines for the virtual event, are available. See here.

Awards for undergraduate and graduate students. The Bernhard Gross Awards, from B-MRS, will distinguish the best poster and best oral presentation of each symposium. The American Chemical Society’s ACS Publications Prizes will award cash prizes to the best works from the event. The RSC Award, from the Royal Society of Chemistry, will award the top 6 posters with vouchers to purchase books. Submission of extended abstracts to participate in the awards can be made after abstract approval, until July 19th. Know more.

Plenary and memorial lectures. Paula Vilarinho (University of Aveiro) and Sergio Rezende (UFPE) join the event plenary speakers. Ten world-renowned scientists will speak on bioinspired materials, characterization of materials with high degree of structural disorder, superconductors, microfluidic technologies, bioelectronics, inverse design, organic semiconductors, plasmonic nanocomposites and spintronics. See names and bios, titles and abstracts on the website home page.

Other activities. In addition to the symposium and plenary sessions, the event will feature workshops and discussion panels on writing and presenting scientific papers; under-representation of gender, race and geographic distribution in science; perovskites and photovoltaic industry. Know more.

– Registration. Early registration discount is available until July 30th. Check the fees, here.

– Support and sponsorship. This virtual edition of the event offers several possibilities for companies and entities interested in connecting with the community and exhibiting their products and services. Interested parties can contact Alexandre Alves at comercial@sbpmat.org.br.

Event website: https://www.sbpmat.org.br/19encontro/

Opportunities

– The Brazilian Nanotechnology National Laboratory (LNNano) offers one position as Researcher for highly-motivated and experienced candidates to lead cutting-edge experimental research on Nanoelectronics. Know more.

Reading tips from Brazil

– UNESP researchers propose a method to magnetize paramagnetic material without applying an external magnetic field (Scientific Reports). Know more.

– A team with the participation of researchers from UFABC develops suture threads capable of releasing anti-inflammatory drugs in a controlled manner over time. The work was awarded the best paper of the year by the Journal of Drug Delivery Science and Technology. Know more.

– UFG researchers develop a magnetic nanoparticle capable of generating and monitoring heat in thermal therapies for localized cancer treatment (ACS Applied Nano Materials). Know more.

– Researchers at IQSC-USP develop a computational method to select promising two-dimensional materials for high-performance solar cells and screen 72 transition metal dichalcogenides (ACS Applied Energy Materials).  Know more.

Events

– VIRTUAL. International Conference on Materials for Humanity (MH 21). July 6 – 9, 2021. Site.

WEBINAR: Electrochemistry at the Nanoscale: Application to Materials for Energy Storage. Speaker: Patrice Simon (Université Paul Sabatier). Organization: CINE. July 9, 2021. Site.

– VIRTUAL. XIX B-MRS Meeting (Encontro da SBPMat) + IUMRS ICEM (International Conference on Electronic Materials). August 30 – September 3, 2021. Site.

– 7th International Polysaccharide Conference (EPNOE 2021). Nantes (France). October 11 – 15, 2021. Site.

– VIRTUAL. II Workshop Internacional da Pós Graduação em Engenharia Física da UFRPE. October 19 – 20, 2021. Site.

– 7th Meeting on Self Assembly Structures in Solution and at Interfaces. Bento Gonçalves, RS (Brazil). November 3 – 5, 2021. Site.

– 4th Workshop on Coated Tools & Multifunctional Thin Films. Campinas, SP (Brazil). March 29 – April 1, 2022. Site.

– XVIII International Small Angle Scattering Conference.Campinas, SP (Brazil). September 11 – 16, 2022. Site.

– 11th International Conference of the African Materials Research Society (AMRS2022 ). Dakar (Senegal). December 12 – 15, 2022. Site.

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B-MRS Newsletter. Year 8, issue 5.


 

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Newsletter of the
Brazilian Materials
Research Society

Year 8, issue 4. June 10, 2021.

Featured Paper

A team of Brazilian researchers produced nanocomposites of graphene oxide and ultra-small quantum dots whose electrical response can be easily adjusted. This discovery opens possibilities for the development of more sensitive devices in the energy and health field. The study was reported in The Journal of Physical Chemistry C. Saiba mais.

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XIX B-MRS Meeting + IUMRS ICEM 2021 (virtual)

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– Submissions. The XIX B-MRS Meeting received more than 1,100 abstracts from 31 countries in the Americas, Europe, Asia and Africa, as well as from all regions of Brazil!

– Important dates. Revised abstracts may be resubmitted until June 21st. Final notification to these authors will be sent by June 28th.

– Symposia. See list, here.

– Guidelines for presenters. Instructions for oral and poster presentations, as well as general guidelines for the virtual event, are now available. See here.

Awards for undergraduate and graduate students. The Bernhard Gross Awards, from B-MRS, will distinguish the best poster and best oral presentation of each symposium. The American Chemical Society’s ACS Publications Prizes will award cash prizes to the best works from the event. The RSC Award, from the Royal Society of Chemistry, will award the top 6 posters with vouchers to purchase books. Submission of extended abstracts to participate in the awards can be made after abstract approval, until July 19th. Know more.

– Plenary and memorial lectures. Eight world-renowned scientists will speak on bioinspired materials, characterization of materials with high degree of structural disorder, superconductors, microfluidic technologies, bioelectronics, inverse design, organic semiconductors and plasmonic nanocomposites. See names and bios, titles and abstracts on the website´s home page.

– Other activities. In addition to the symposium and plenary sessions, the event will feature workshops and discussion panels on writing and presenting scientific papers; under-representation of gender, race and geographic distribution in science; perovskites and photovoltaic industry. Know more.

Registration. Early registration discount is available until July 30th. Check the fees, here.

– Support and sponsorship. This virtual edition of the event offers several possibilities for companies and entities interested in connecting with the community and exhibiting their products and services. Interested parties can contact Alexandre Alves at comercial@sbpmat.org.br.

Event website: https://www.sbpmat.org.br/19encontro/

News from B-MRS Members

Professor Hellmut Eckert (IFSC-USP), B-MRS member, was honored in early May with a special issue of The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, which pays tribute to his scientific work in the area of nuclear magnetic resonance applied to materials. Know more.

Eckert

Note of Condolences

B-MRS expresses deep regret for the death of Sérgio Mascarenhas Oliveira, retired Professor at the University of São Paulo (USP). Mascarenhas passed away on May 31, at the age of 93. In 2012, B-MRS honored him with the “Memorial Lecture Joaquim da Costa Ribeiro” for his impact on the Brazilian Materials research community. At this moment, the B-MRS Board would like to remember him as a great scientist who encouraged new talents and believed in collaborative work and in the entrepreneurial and creative capacity of the Brazilian people.

To know more about Prof Sergio Mascarenhas, read the text written by Prof Roberto Mendonça Faria (IFSC-USP), former B-MRS president of B-MRS.

Advocacy

– B-MRS subscribed the letter to the Minister of Science, Technology and Innovations, requesting a series of measures for the release of FNDCT resources.

– B-MRS and dozens of entities endorsed a letter to Paulo Guedes, Minister of Economy, requesting information on the additional R$ 5 billion to the budget that, according to him, were received by the Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovations.

– B-MRS was present at the Forum of Scientific Societies Affiliated to SBPC, which brought together, virtually, the representatives of 120 scientific societies to discuss actions and strategies for 2021. President Mônica Cotta and scientific director Andrea de Camargo represented B-MRS.

Reading Tips

– Scientists synthesize, for the first time, two-dimensional biphenylene sheets, a flat network of carbon atoms with electronic properties that are different from graphene properties (Science). Know more.

– Scientists break a resolution record in the visualization of atoms by solving limitations of a technique developed in 2018. The solution allows to locate individual atoms in the 3 dimensions of a sample (Science). Know more.

– Materials against water scarcity: Scientists create hydrogel microstructures inspired by the shape of cactus spines, which collect water from the air 24 hours a day (Nature Communications). Know more.

– Scientists are able to “turn on” and “turn off” the antiferromagnetism of a material, opening possibilities for the development of faster, more compact and safer memories than the current ones for data storage (Physical Review Letters). Know more.

– The United Nations General Assembly announced that 2022 will be the International Year of Glass. The initiative celebrates the social, technological, scientific, economic and artistic importance of this material. Know more.

Events

VIRTUAL. 4th International Conference on Applied Surface Science. June 29 – 30, 2021. Site.

– VIRTUAL. International Conference on Materials for Humanity (MH 21). July 6 – 9, 2021. Site.

VIRTUAL. XIX B-MRS Meeting (Encontro da SBPMat) + IUMRS ICEM (International Conference on Electronic Materials). August 30 – September 3, 2021. Site.

– 7th International Polysaccharide Conference (EPNOE 2021). Nantes (France). October, 11 – 15, 2021. Site.

7th Meeting on Self Assembly Structures in Solution and at Interfaces. Bento Gonçalves, RS (Brazil). November 3 – 5, 2021. Site.

4th Workshop on Coated Tools & Multifunctional Thin Films. Campinas, SP (Brazil). March 29 – April 1, 2022. Site.

XVIII International Small Angle Scattering Conference. Campinas, SP (Brazil). September 11 – 16, 2022. Site.

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