In the last decade, significant progress was reached considering the synthesisand assembly of inorganic materials, allowing the control of their composition,size, shape and consequently the functionality. More recently, the synthesisefforts have focused on use of non-classical nucleation and growth approach,which allow the development of inorganic materials with high complexity. Thecombination of synthetic strategies, advanced techniques of characterizationand theoretical modeling can lead to a deep understanding of the growthmechanisms, which allows the development of new functional materials withdesire properties. The progress of this basic scientific knowledge facilitates theknowledge of the real contribution of surfaces and morphology in relation tofunctionality. This symposium will focus on recent development of chemicalmethods to prepare inorganic materials with controlled morphology, size andfunctionality and new computational methods that assist in these understanding.In special, method based in non-classical nucleation process, as well as newcharacterization techniques that allows a deep understanding of the nucleationand growth process. Theoretical studies related to surface energies,morphologies and structure prediction is also an important issue and should beaddressed here. The results presented in this symposium can contribute for thedevelopment of inorganic materials with different functionalities.